istening Bottom up listening This form of listening uses information in the speech itself to comprehend the meaning of the text. A bottom-up listening process means the listener segments speech into identifiable sounds and imposes a structure of these in terms of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and intonation patterns. The learner also uses her knowledge of syntactic structure to infer meaning (for example noun phrase-verb phrase- noun phrase). This schematic knowledge is called formal schemata
LESSON PLAN STAGE TIME PURPOSE TASKS (TEACHER) TASKS (PUPILS) PRE 10 min ★ W ★ ★ T greets ss and asks them how they are. T checks hw or asks if ss have questions about it and answers them.
Reading Basic concepts Reading Basic concepts What is reading? Different people use the term Reading in different ways, which can cause much confusion. So we had better start by making