A Submarine Special issue dedicated to the men and machines that serve beneath the waves. British Submarines HMSs H5 & HMSs Sidon, Operation Deadlight U-Boat and the salvage of the Russian submarine Kursk
Wrecks from both World Wars dominate in this issue as we explore the 32,000 ton WW1 White Star Line casualty HMT Justicia sunk off Ireland's Malin Head. Across the country into the North Sea we follow the expedition to locate HMS Exmouth who was tragically lost in 1940.
Two of the game changing technical diving expeditions from 2001 feature in this issue. The Carpathia - the first ship to reach the Titanic survivors was located in 160m of water off the Southern Irish coast and dived by a team led by Richie Stevenson from his vessel Loyal Watcher. It was also the "Watcher" that had safely delivered the Starfish Enterprise to the site of the bullion carrying liner The Egypt lying in 130m of water. Leigh Bishop describes their expedition to the wreck off the coast of Brittany. There's also articles on scooters, deco-habitats and attempting to do two of Scapa's "big ones" in asingle dive!
We had a World Exclusive in Volume 3 Issue 2 as we ran the full story of the search, discovery and salvage of Donald Campbell's record breaking Bluebird that had been lost in Coniston Water back in January 1967 and in this issue we look at the history of the man himself, the project and the recovery of this very British icon. There are also articles on Mexico cave diving, the art of survival (interesting topic) and all the regulars.
Technical Open & Closed Circuit dives to HMS Dasher, Rebreather testing in Canada and a collection in Hong Kong, Jutland Wrecks, Micro Bubble Issues, Submarine discoveries off the Isle of Aran, Advanced Cave Diver Course and the Weekender is the wrecks of Rathlin Island
The groundbreaking Dordogne 2000 expedition pushing the Ressel to new limits with Rick Stanton & Jason Mallinson, a week of diving virgin wreck targets from the English Riviera and U-Boats in the Irish Sea all feature in this issue.
Two of the most notorious marine losses during World War 1 are featured in this issue; Lusitania is arguably the temperate waters Mt. Everest of dives, while the British loses at the Battle Of Jutland caused a serious re-think in decades of naval warfare tactics.
Wrecks don't get much bigger than the USS Saratoga; the don't get much more difficult to get too either. Also the discovery of the British super-gun submarine M1 and Baltic Sea technical diving
Off to the outlying islands of the UK in this issue - Shetland & Orkney wrecks explored. Cave diver training plus a fascinating piece on the U-Boat campaign during two World Wars
Three similar articles in this issue; diving deep sheltered waters of Scotland in the Sound Of Mull & Narvik in Norway. Historic article on how the convoy system worked during World War 2 and the first of a series of articles on wreck location techniques.
UK divers are leading cutting edge expeditions, locating new wrecks and dive sites as well as pushing current knowledge of our sport to the limit. 9>90's mission is to be the magazine where this information finds a home.