November 25, 2014  |  By  | 

62 sustainable agriculture, its land will be negatively impacted and hurt long-run agricultural production. This article focuses on Madagascar’s deforestation. Following a brief literature review and some empirical background, the subject of deforestation in Madagascar is broken down in reviewing the causes of deforestation and discussing the main effects of deforestation in Madagascar. The article closes with some conclusions and suggestions. II. Literature Review There is a plethora of literature on deforestation in Africa. While there is far less literature specific on M adagascar’s deforestation, it has still been discussed for many years now and is beginning to take on more and more sophisticated issues. The following paragraphs provide some examples of various me dia forms that cover Madagascar’s deforestation, including academic articles, news articles, websites, films and atlases.  The article entitled Deforestation in the Madagascar Highlands —Established “Truth” and Uncertainty by Jorgen Klein (2002) touches on many of the topics central to this article on deforestation in Madagascar. It discusses the relationship between humans and the environment, environmental change in developing countries, and specifically the problem of deforestation in Madagascar. It also includes how deforestation began in Madagascar.  The article titled Fifty Years of Deforestation and Forest Fragmentation in Madagascar by Grady J. Harper et al. (2007) discusses a bit about deforestation regarding Madagas car’s forests while detailing a study that mapped Madagascar into different types of forest cover. Although the study on forest cover was not as much of interest to this article, the information in the summary and introduction on tropical forests and deforestation is very useful. It also discusses the images taken of Madagascar with aerial photographs and gives specific information and percentages on the decreases in forest cover.  In the news article in the British Daily The Independent , Daniel Howden (2007) explains the harsh reality of deforestation and what it means to us globally. It gives some good statistics about deforestation. The articles also explains why forests are a vitally important natural resource, how slash and burn techniques in Madagascar are damaging to the atmosphere, and how incentives for sustainable agriculture need to be put in place by the government.  The website Earth Trends by the World Resources Institute (2007) gives country profiles for Madagascar concerning various themes, including biodiversity, protected areas, forests and grasslands.  The Atlas edited by Rebecca Johnson and Munyaradzi Chenje (2008), published by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), provides in-depth information on Africa’s and Madagascar’s geography, changing environment, ecosystems and protected areas, transboundary water resources, and transboundary movement of people and pollutants.  Lastly, a film entitled Madagascar: Agro-Ecology by Films on Demand (2009) gives a