Focus of the Final Paper Submit a seven to ten page paper on one of the major topics listed below. The paper should incorporate at least three other appropriately documented and related articles drawn from the University’s Library. (Note: you may advance your own topic, but it must be approved by your instructor.) Explain the role of the FASB in monitoring and controlling business reporting and accounting practices in the modern organization. In what ways do FASB rules limit business practices and reporting financial information? How do such rules and regulations protect the business and public stakeholder communities? To whom is the FASB accountable and who appoints members to FASB?
ACC 305 Week 5 Ethics Case 10-12 Ethics Case 10-12 on page 553 - Mayer Biotechnical, Inc - Research and development ● LO8 Mayer Biotechnical, Inc., develops, manufactures, and sells pharmaceuticals. Significant research and development (R&D) expenditures are made for the development of new drugs and the improvement of existing drugs. During 2011, $220 million was spent on R&D. Of this amount, $30 million was spent on the purchase of equipment to be used in a research project involving the development of a new antibiotic. The controller, Alice Cooper, is considering capitalizing the equipment and depreciating it over the five-year useful life of the equipment at $6 million per year, even though the equipment likely will be used on only one project. The company president has asked Alice to make every effort to increase 2011 earnings because in 2012 the company will be seeking significant new financing from both debt and equity sources. “I guess we might use the equipment in other projects later,” Alice wondered to herself.
Ethics Case 9-11 on page 497 Danville Bottlers is a wholesale beverage company. Danville uses the FIFO inventory method to determine the cost of its ending inventory. Ending inventory quantities are determined by a physical count. For the fiscal year- end June 30, 2011, ending inventory was originally determined to be $3,265,000. However, on July 17, 2011, John Howard, the company’s controller, discovered an error in the ending inventory count. He determined that the correct ending inventory amount should be $2,600,000. Danville is a privately owned corporation with significant financing provided by a local bank. The bank requires annual audited financial statements as a condition of the loan. By July 17, the auditors had completed their review of the financial statements which are scheduled to be issued on July 25. They did not discover the inventory error.
ACC 305 Week 4 Communication Case 8-4 Communication Case 8-4 on page 442 You have just been hired as a consultant to Tangier Industries, a newly formed company. The company president, John Meeks, is seeking your advice as to the appropriate inventory method Tangier should use to value its inventory and cost of goods sold. Mr. Meeks has narrowed the choice to LIFO and FIFO. He has heard that LIFO might be better for tax purposes, but FIFO has certain advantages for financial reporting to investors and creditors. You have been told that the company will be profitable in its first year and for the foreseeable future. Required: Prepare a report for the president describing the factors that should be considered by Tangier in choosing between LIFO and FIFO.
ACC 305 Week 3 Judgment Case 7-5 Judgment Case 7-5 on page 391 For each of the following independent situations, indicate the apparent internal control weaknesses and suggest alternative procedures to eliminate the weaknesses. 1. John Smith is the petty cash custodian. John approves all requests for payment out of the $200 fund, which is replenished at the end of each month. At the end of each month, John submits a list of all accounts and amounts to be charged and a check is written to him for the total amount. John is the only person ever to tally the
ACC 305 Week 3 Communication Case 6-3 Communication Case 6-3 on page 334 Harvey Alexander, an all-league professional football player, has just declared free agency. Two teams, the San Francisco 49ers and the Dallas Cowboys, have made Harvey the following offers to obtain his services: 49ers: $1 million signing bonus payable immediately and an annual salary of $1.5 million for the five-year term of the contract. Cowboys: $2.5 million signing bonus payable immediately and an annual salary of $1 million for the five-year term of the contract. With both contracts, the annual salary will be paid in one lump sum at the end of the football season.