The Russian Revolution Causes of the Russian Revolution Widespread suffering under auto cry, weak leadership, poor working conditions, low wages, hazards of industrialization, and devastation of World War 1 were some of the poor condition causes of the Russian Revolution. Vladimir Lenin led the Russian Revolution. Vladimir launched a nearly bloodless debate against the provisional government. Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Locke were the enlightenment thinkers who influenced the Russian Revolution. Rousseau influenced-the general will of the people Montesquieu influenced-the separation of powers, to set up governments, other than monarchies Voltaire influenced-social reform, peasants should be treated equally as the nobles Locke influenced-that people are equally important, so peasants had an identity just as nobles The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917. The February Revolution (March 1917) was a revolution focused around Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg). In the chaos, members of the Imperial parliament or Duma assumed control of the country, forming the Russian Provisional Government. The army leadership felt they did not have the means to suppress the revolution and Nicholas II, the last Emperor of Russia. “ Leisure is the mother of philosophy. ” “ A lie told often becomes the truth. ” In the October Revolution (November in the Gregorian calendar), the Bolshevik party, led by Vladimir Lenin, and the workers' Soviets, overthrew the Provisional Government.