Published on November 3, 2014
Tundra Location: Tundra is found south of the Arctic, and reaches into North America, Europe, and Siberia. Precipitation: 15 to 25 cm of rain per year. This makes the tundra almost like a desert Temperature: Usually -40 degrees C to 18 degrees C. Soil Type: Usually, the soil in the Tunrdais a permafrost, meaning that the ground is frozen soild. In the summer months the top soil thaws, but deep in the ground, the soil is still solid. Furthermore, the soil is slightly acidic and low in nutrients Flora: Small trees and shrubs are the climax species. Fauna: The animals living in the tundra are mostly grazers, with the occasional meat eater. Adaptations: Plants must adapt so that their roots don’t need to go deep into the soil. They also need to adapt to the extreme cold. Animals need to have heavy coats of fur, or insulated feathers. Interesting Facts: In the summer, part of the ground thaws, and creates lakes. It is so cold, the trees are very scarce, and grow as small shrubs. Climate change is melting the snow and permafrost. In turn this is letting off more and more CO2 and CH4 because when the ice melts, these gasses are relieved of the peat moss which grows there.