Published on July 4, 2014
OR Life in Russia under Stalin The people in USSR both suffered and benefitted under Stalin’s rule. The state controlled the everyday life in the soviet union, leading to drastic social consequences for the soviet people. Stalin’s ambition was to achieve rapid industrialization through a series of Five-Year Plans by setting targets for industrial and agricultural developments, intending to transform the Soviet Union from a peasant society into an industrial superpower. His development plan was centered on government control of the economy and included the forced collectivisation of Soviet agriculture, in which the government took control of farms. There was a fall in standard of living because of the drive towards industrialisation causing more people to move to the cities where the factories were located, leading to an increasing population in the cities making the shortage of housing an even greater problem. Thus, living in cramped conditions without proper sanitations and running water. The forced collectivisation also led to widespread famine across the soviet union that killed millions. For those workers who were being pushed very hard to achieve the targets set by the Five-Year Plans, they worked for long hours under poor conditions, underpaid and with little time off. Stalin ruled by terror and with a totalitarian grip in order to eliminate anyone who he considered as a threat and might oppose him. The people in Russia were constantly living in fear due to the fact the secret police had informers everywhere to look out for any anti-Stalin sentiments, so they were often being watched and judged. If they were judged poorly, it would be harder for them to apply for houses, jobs and holidays and if they offended the officials, they could be sent to forced labour camps or even killed. Therefore, there was no freedom for the people living in Russia under Stalin’s rule.