With an estimated $81 billion in damages, Hurricane Katrina was the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history; more than 1,800 died; 15 million people were impacted, economically or otherwise. As the center of Hurricane Katrina passed southeast of New Orleans on August 29, 2005, winds downtown were in the Category 3 range with frequent intense gusts and tidal surge. Hurricane-force winds were experienced throughout the city, although the most severe portion of Katrina missed the city, hitting nearby St. Bernard and Plaquemines parishes. Hurricane Katrina made its final landfall in eastern St. Tammany Parish. The western eye wall passed directly over St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana as a Category 3 hurricane at about 9:45 am CST, August 29, 2005. 80% of New Orleans was underwater and still to this day day are impacted by it. Most people got away safely before the hurricane hit but those 1,800 weren't so lucky. This hurricane, and the subsequent flooding, forever changed the city.