African Elephant Asian Elephant Interesting Facts African elephants are the largest land mammals on the planet. Asian elephants don’t run. They always keep at least two feet on the ground. Elephants can recognize themselves in mirrors Elephants can get sunburned, so they throw sand on their backs to protect from the sun. Female elephants live in groups of about 15. Male elephants leave the matriarch groups between ages 12 and 15 to join all-male groups.