DBM 384 Week 5 DQ 1
January 24, 2016 | By gopalrav4 |
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For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Course Reflection. In a one- to two-page journal entry, reflect on your experience in ECE353. Which components of the course have influenced your thinking the most in regard to cognitive development? Identify one theory that had the most profound impact on your thinking (either positively or negatively) and describe why. What effect will this have on your classroom instruction? Your journal is an informal, reflective piece that does not require citations or APA format; however, if you choose to use resources, please cite them appropriately.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Final Paper Chapter Twelve of your text identifies seven areas of cognitive development that have been addressed in this book:perception, language, memory, conceptual understanding, social cognition, problem solving, and academic skills. Table 12.1 of the chapter also identifies the eight themes of children’s thinking, in general, that have filtered throughout the course of this text. For your final paper you will select one area of cognitive development and analyze it through the lens of at least three of the themes outlined in table 12.1. Your final paper will be eight to ten pages in length (plus title and reference pages) and include the following components: § A description of your chosen area of cognitive development § A summary of the current knowledge that exists on your chosen themes § An analysis of the applicability of your findings to the differentiation of instruction for children of different needs and abilities § A discussion of the future issues that confront your chosen area of cognitive development and chosen themes. This is a research paper and must include at least four academic resources (in addition to your course text) that clearly demonstrate their relevance to your topic. These sources must be cited both within your paper and on your reference page using proper APA format.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Learning in Context. Context influences children’s performance in mathematics. This was illustrated in Carraher and colleagues’ (1985) classic study of Brazilian street vendors. Describe the method and results of Carraher and colleagues’ study, and discuss how the results support the claim that children’s mathematical problem-solving performance depends on context. Do you feel that these findings can also be applied to other academic areas? Provide a specific example of how a classroom teacher might use this research to facilitate learning in the classroom.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Planning in Problem Solving. Young children often fail to plan, even when doing so would facilitate their problem-solving performance. Select and describe one of the five reasons that children may fail to plan given on pages 357-358 of your text. Construct a classroom-based scenario that illustrates your chosen reason. What is the implication of your reason when considering the differing needs of students while planning for classroom instruction? What is one strategy that teachers can use to mediate the effects of these failures and support the problem-solving skills of their young students?
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com False Belief Tasks. According to your text, “the ‘gold standard’ that researchers use to demonstrate understanding of belief is success on tasks that require understanding of one’s own or another person’s false belief” (Siegler, 2005, pg. 318). Young children often fail false belief tasks. This finding has been interpreted in a number of different ways. Give an original example of a false belief task that could be given to a three-year-old (do not use an example from the text). Describe an interpretation of children’s poor performance on false belief tasks. Provide at least two factors that can enhance the performance of students on false belief tasks. How can preschool teachers utilize their knowledge of student performance on these tasks as well as their knowledge of performance enhancers when planning for instruction?
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Theories of Concept Representation. Identify and describe one of the three major theories of concept representation: defining-features, probabilistic, or theory-based. What is the mechanism of conceptual development in your chosen theory? Provide an example (not given in the text) that illustrates the mechanisms of your chosen theory. How would a child likely respond to a given scenario from the perspective of your chosen theory?
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Connecting to Classroom Practices. In a one- to two-page journal entry, write a self-reflection. What is the relevance of this course to best practices in the classroom? In other words, how can an understanding of how children think improve your teaching skills, particularly in terms of differentiating student needs and abilities? Do you feel that you currently utilize an understanding of cognitive development in your own teaching? Your journal is an informal, reflective piece that does not require citations or APA format; however, if you choose to use resources, please cite them appropriately.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Memory Facilitation. Older children typically remember more than younger children. Identify and describe two strategies that older children use to facilitate their memories. Reflecting on your own personal experiences, what strategies do you employ to improve your memory? Discuss the relevance of strategies that facilitate memory within the context of classroom instruction. Share one instructional strategy that you feel is highly effective for most students.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Phonological Acquisition. Watch the talk by Patricia Kuhl, entitled The Linguistic Genius of Babies. How do her findings support language acquisition in regard to phonology as it is described in Chapter Six of your text? Include a discussion of the need for a social context when developing phonological awareness and why. How did your own social context impact your phonological awareness?
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Educational Innovations. Many educational innovations, such as dynamic assessment and FCL (Fostering Communities of Learners) classrooms, have incorporated insights about learning and development from the sociocultural theories. Chooseeither dynamic assessment or FCL. Define your choice, and discuss how it incorporates insights about learning and development from the sociocultural theories. Develop one activity that effectively illustrates your chosen educational innovation in practice.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Cultural Tools. Cultural tools shape cognitive development and can include both technical tools, which act on the environment, and psychological tools, which are tools for thinking. Discuss Vygotsky’s belief that language is the most significant of the cultural tools. Do you agree or disagree? Examine the given images of other psychological tools. Choose one of the given tools and discuss how that tool may influence cognitive development from the perspective of the sociocultural theories. What do you feel are the ramifications of your tool on student learning? Is your chosen tool an example of the “ratchet effect”? Defend your answer.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Addressing Bias in Intelligence Testing. Daniel, an eight-year-old child from a poor, inner-city neighborhood, is given a traditional IQ test. One section of the IQ test involves defining various words. “Yacht” is one of the words that Daniel is asked to define. Briefly discuss why the test administrator should be cautious when interpreting Daniel’s performance on this test. How does the triarchic theory potentially counter this bias? Develop and share three questions, one for each component of the triarchic theory (analytic, creative, and practical), that would provide a more accurate representation of Daniel’s intelligence.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Important Questions in Children’s Thinking. Chapter One of your text identifies the six most important questions in the study of children’s thinking: § Are some capabilities innate? § Does development progress through stages? § How does change occur? § How do individuals differ? § How do changes in the brain contribute to cognitive development? § How does the social world contribute to cognitive development? Choose one question and discuss its relevance to your teaching experiences to date and/or looking forward. Reflect on the following two questions: How does it impact curricular planning and instruction? How does it affect your interaction with your students?
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com ECE 353 Week 1 DQ 1 Important Questions in Children's Thinking ECE 353 Week 1 DQ 2 Addressing Bias in Intelligence Testing ECE 353 Week 1 The Piagetian Model ECE 353 Week 2 DQ 1 Cultural Tools ECE 353 Week 2 DQ 2 Educational Innovations ECE 353 Week 3 DQ 1 Phonological Acquisition ECE 353 Week 3 DQ 2 Memory Facilitation ECE 353 Week 3 Journal Connecting to Classroom Practices ECE 353 Week 4 DQ 1 Theories of Concept Representation ECE 353 Week 4 DQ 2 False Belief Tasks ECE 353 Week 5 DQ 1 Planning in Problem Solving ECE 353 Week 5 DQ 2 Learning in Context ECE 353 Week 5 Journal Course Reflection ECE 353 Week 5 Final Paper
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com For the Final Project, you will demonstrate your understanding of the material in this course by developing a classroom plan for either an infant/toddler childcare facility or for a preschool classroom, based on Piaget’s Stage Theory. For this project, include: a. Summarize Piaget’s Stage Theory in your own words. b. Identify and describe the developmental characteristics of the selected age group. c. Design and describe the physical layout of facility or classroom that aligns with Piaget’s Stage Theory. Use evidence from the text or other scholarly resources when describing your layout. (You may use a software application that provides graphic layouts like Classroom Architect, or create your layout in a word document.) d. Create one activity for each developmental domain. Make sure to include a detailed description with a step-by-step procedure that includes required materials (i.e. clay, puzzles, etc.). Discuss how each of these activities maximizes development and align to Piaget’s Stage Theory.
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Life. Life as we know it will change for the next generation, and those changes must be accounted for in child development. Today, television and media, the changing nuclear family, and new parenting styles play a large part in the life of a child. Research tells us that viewing violent television programs or playing violence-themed games contributes to increased aggressiveness in children. We also know that the break-up of the nuclear family and “super-parenting” can have detrimental effects on a child’s emotional and social development. It may sound difficult, but as a caregiver, you will need to find the positive influences that can enhance development and learning in all situations. Explain what you can do to help prevent the negative influences of media, parenting, and the nuclear family, and ensure their positive influence on child growth and development. Share your own beliefs about these three areas, and how you will avoid any personal bias in your approach.