Biome Book

October 12, 2014  |  By  | 

Terrestrial Biomes Tundra Locations: North America, Europe, and Asia Coordinates: 60°N to 70°N Topography characteristics: Soil is moist, low in nutrients. Thin topsoil, somewhat acidic. There’s a permanently frozen layer of soil under the surface, called permafrost Avg. Temperature Range: -26°C to 12°C Precipitation: <25cm/yr Habitat: Musk oxen, arctic foxes, snow owls, snowshoe hares, lemmings, caribou moss, lots of grass Adaptation/Advantage for Survival: Some plants grow in clumps to protect one another from wind and cold Facts: ●Short growing season of two months ●Common plants are sdges, mosses, and grasses ●Few nutrients are available in tundra soils because of cold temperatures slowing down decay ●Upper layers of ice/soil thaw during the short summer period, creating ponds ●Coldest of all biomes Human Uses/Impacts: ●Use of tundra-living animal skins for jackets/fur coats ●Oil exploitation ●Oil spills impact tundras

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